Eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase II, a ubiquitous ATP-dependent type II topoisomerase, is an essential nuclear enzyme in DNA replication and transcription, chromatin segregation, and cell cycle progression. These enzymes transiently break a pair of complementary strands in double-stranded DNA to form a gate for the passage of duplex DNA. Two isoforms of DNA topoisomerase II have been identified, topo IIα and topo IIβ. These have a high degree of homology, except for some divergence in the C-terminal region. Both contain multiple bipartite nuclear localization sequences (NLS) that mediate their subnuclear localization. Topo IIα levels rise during late S phase and peak in G2-M, whereas topo IIβ levels remain constant throughout the cell cycle. In addition, topo IIα is expressed in proliferating cells, while topo IIβ is expressed in many tissues. The exact role of these two isoforms during cell proliferation is not known, however the differences in cellular expression implicate different physiological roles. Both isoforms may also be important targets for anticancer agents that exert cytotoxicity in proliferating cells via stabilization of a topo II-DNA complex.
Host Species: Mouse
Species Reactivity: Human
Immunogen: Human Topo IIα aa. 1245-1361
Formula Weight [Chemical]: 170kDa
Immunofluorescence, Western Blotting
|Human Topo IIα aa. 1245-1361|
|Store undiluted at -20°C.|
|Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA, glycerol, and ≤0.09% sodium azide.|
|In vitro Assay, Western Blot|
For Research Use Only.
We continue to work to improve your shopping experience and your feedback regarding this content is very important to us. Please use the form below to provide feedback related to the content on this product.
Your feedback has been submitted. Fisher Scientific is always working to improve our content for you. We appreciate your feedback.Ok