Description: The 15B8 monoclonal antibody reacts with human and mouse beta-catenin, one member of a family of catenins, which are intracellular proteins that interact with cadherins to mediate cellular adhesion. More specifically, beta-catenin binds to the cytoplasmic tail of E-cadherin. In addition, this molecule is a component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. In the absence of Wnt binding its receptor, beta-catenin is phosphorylated and resides in the cytoplasm where it is eventually targeted for degradation by ubiquitination. Upon Wnt binding, beta-catenin becomes dephosphorylated, translocates to the nucleus, and modulates gene expression in partnership with the transcription factors T cell factor (TCF) and lymphocyte enhancer binding factor (LEF). Expression of beta-catenin is found in a wide variety of non-immune and immune tissues, including thymocytes and T and B lymphocytes. The Wnt and beta-catenin signaling pathway has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in the development of T, B, and hematopoietic stem cells. Applications Reported: This 15B8 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis, immunoprecipitation, western blotting, and immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue sections. (Fluorochrome conjugated 15B8 is recommended for use in intracellular flow cytometry.).Applications Tested: This 15B8 antibody has been tested by western blot analysis on reduced cell lysates prepared from the Jurkat cell line. This antibody can be used at 1-5 µg/mL. This antibody has been tested by immunohistchemistry of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded human tissue using low or high pH antigen retrieval and can be used at less than or equal to 5 µg/mL. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. Beta-catenin, an adherens junction (AJ) protein, was originally identified as a component of cell-cell adhesion structures. AJs are necessary for the creation and maintece of epithelial cell layers by regulating cell growth and adhesion between cells. Beta-catenin interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of E-cadherin and links E-cadherin to alpha-catenin, which in turn mediates anchorage of the E-cadherin complex to the cortical actin cytoskeleton. Studies show that Beta-catenin also binds to another cytoskeletal complex containing the adenomatous polyposis coli protein and microtubules, and interacts with several signaling pathways that include tyrosine kinases, phosphatases and Wnt/Wingless. The interplay between beta-catenin, cytoskeletal complexes and signaling pathways may regulate morphogenesis. Beta-catenin is expressed in several hair follicle cell types, basal and peripheral matrix cells, and cells of the outer and inner root sheats. A pathological role of beta-catenin has been identified in pilomatrixoma (PTR), medulloblastoma (MDB), colorectal cancer (CRC), ovarian cancer, and tumor development. In the nucleus, beta-catenin serves to co activate a family of Lef/Tcf transcription factors that stimulate transcription of target genes including those encoding cyclin D and c-myc that promote cell proliferation. The influence on cell proliferation is the molecular basis for the role of beta-catenin in tumorgenesis, specifically, solid tumors of the breast, colon, liver, lung, gastric, prostate, and skin.
|Flow Cytometry, Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot|
|PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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