The EMK08 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD133 (Prominin-1), a 120 kDa member of the pentaspan family of proteins, which also includes Prominin-2. Their expression is found within plasma membrane protrusions such as epithelial microvilli. CD133 can exist in a number of alternatively spliced isoforms, and the protein has several N-linked glycosylation sites; the occurrence of both may be tissue-dependent. Human CD133 was first identified as an epitope expressed on CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors. Although the ligand and function of CD133 remain unknown, it has since proven to be very useful as a marker for both stem cells and cancer stem cells. In addition to its expression on hematopoietic precursors, CD133 has been used to identify tumorigenic colon cancer stem cells, brain cancer stem cells, prostate cancer stem cells, in addition to others. The binding of the EMK08 antibody does not block the binding of another anti-human CD133 antibody, TMP4 (cat. 12-1338) indicating that they recognize distinct epitopes. This EMK08 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.06 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.This gene encodes a pentaspan transmembrane glycoprotein. The protein localizes to membrane protrusions and is often expressed on adult stem cells,where it is thought to function in maintaining stem cell properties by suppressing differentiation. Mutations in this gene have been shown to result in retinitis pigmentosa and Stargardt disease.Expression of this gene is also associated with several types of cancer. This gene is expressed from at least five alternative promoters that are expressed in a tissue-dependent manner.Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
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