Description: The C398.4A monoclonal antibody reacts with ICOS (Inducible Costimulatory molecule), also known as H4/CRP-1/AILIM, and cross-reacts with mouse and rat ICOS. ICOS is a T cell specific activation molecule and a third member of the CD28/CTLA-4 family. A dimer of 47-57 kDa, ICOS is expressed on activated T cells, has potent costimulatory activity for T cell activation and proliferation and is required for humoral immune response. ICOS binds to its ligand on activated APC including B cells called B7h/B7RP-1, is thought to play a protective role in inflammatory autoimmune diseases and be involved in the development of Th2 cells. C398.4A is reported to display strong costimulation of proliferation of T cell clones, intermediate costimulation on activated T cells, and weak costimulation on fresh resting T cells. It is a good costimulator of IL-10 production especially from pre-activated cells that express high level of H4/ICOS. The epitope recognized by C398.4A is different from that bound by the ICOSL (i.e., C398.4A does not block binding of ICOSL). Applications Reported: The C398.4A antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: This C398.4A antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of Con A-stimulated mouse splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.125 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL.Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. CD278 belongs to the CD28 and CTLA-4 cell-surface receptor family and is highly expressed in activated T-cells. It is essential both for efficient interaction between T and B-cells and for normal antibody responses to T-cell dependent antigens. It enhances all basic T-cell responses to a foreign antigen, namely proliferation, secretion of lymphokines, up-regulation of molecules that mediate cell-cell interaction, and effective help for antibody secretion by B-cells.
|Mouse, Rat, Rhesus Monkey|
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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