Description: This product consists of two fluorochrome-conjugated monoclonal antibodies to identify CD4+CD25+ human peripheral blood cells. The RPA-T4 monoclonal antibody (mouse IgG1, kappa) reacts with human CD4, a 59 kDa cell surface receptor that is expressed by a majority of thymocytes, a subpopulation of mature T cells (T helper cells) and at low levels on monocytes. The BC96 monoclonal antibody (mouse IgG1, kappa) reacts with human CD25, the 55 kDa interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (IL-2Ralpha). This cocktail of RPA-T4 and BC96 can be used for the flow cytometric detection of human regulatory T cells, which also express Foxp3. Applications Reported: This product has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: This cocktail has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 20 µL per test (containing 1 µg of Anti-Human CD4 (RPA-T4) FITC and 0.125 µg of Anti-Human CD25 (BC96) PE). A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.The CD4 antigen is involved in the recognition of the type II MHC antigen. It is also a receptor for HIV. It is present on most T helper cells and normal thymocytes. The cytoplasmic portion of CD4 is associated with p56lck tyrosine kinase. CD4 expression is commonly found in human lymph nodes and tonsils. CD44 is a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein also known as Phagocytic Glycoprotein-1 (pgp-1) and HCAM. CD44 is the receptor for hyaluronate and exists as a large number of different isoforms due to alternative RNA splicing. The major isoform expressed on lymphocytes, myeloid cells, and erythrocytes is a glycosylated type 1 transmembrane protein. Other isoforms contain glycosaminoglycans and are expressed on hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells. CD44 is involved in adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells, stromal cells, and the extracellular matrix. CD25: IL2 receptor alpha (IL2RA) and beta (IL2RB) chains, together with the common gamma chain (IL2RG), constitute the high-affinity IL2 receptor. Homodimeric alpha chains (IL2RA) result in low-affinity receptor, while homodimeric beta (IL2RB) chains produce a medium-affinity receptor. Normally an integral-membrane protein, soluble IL2RA has been isolated and determined to result from extracellular proteolyisis. Alternately-spliced IL2RA mRNAs have been isolated, but the significance of each is presently unknown. Mutations in this gene are associated with interleukin 2 receptor alpha deficiency.
|PBS with 0.2% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
For Research Use Only.
The Fisher Scientific Encompass Program offers items which are not part of our distribution portfolio. These products typically do not have pictures or detailed descriptions. However, we are committed to improving your shopping experience. Please use the form below to provide feedback related to the content on this product.
Your feedback has been submitted. Fisher Scientific is always working to improve our content for you. We appreciate your feedback.Ok