Description: The HM48-1 monoclonal antibody reacts with the mouse CD48 antigen; also known as BCM1, Blast-1 (human), and OX-45 (rat). CD48, a member of the SLAM family and Ig superfamily, is a 45 kDa GPI-linked glycoprotein expressed on the majority of hematopoietic cells. Recent publications have reported differential expression of members of the SLAM family including CD48, CD150, and CD244 among functionally distinct bone marrow hematopoietic progenitors providing a useful tool for prediction of the primitiveness of hematopoietic progenitors based on the expression of these SLAM family members. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are highly purified as CD150(+)CD244(-)CD48(-) cells while non-self-renewing multipotent hematopoietic progenitors (MPP) are CD244(+)CD150(-)CD48(-) and the most restricted progenitors are CD48(+)CD244(+)CD150(-). CD48 plays a critical role in adhesion and T cell activation. In the mouse, the primary counter-receptors for CD48 are CD2 and CD244. HM48-1 is reported to modulate in vitro and in vivo CD48 functions including blocking the CD48/CD2 and CD48/CD244 interactions, inhibiting the proliferative response of mitogen-activated spleen cells, providing a costimulation signal for T cells activated in vitro through their TCR, and prolonging cardiac allograft survival in vivo. Applications Reported: This HM48-1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.Applications Tested: This HM48-1 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. APC-eFluor 780 emits at 780 nm and is excited with the Red laser (633 nm). Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochome. Light sensitivity: This tandem is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light. Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL cell sample + 100 µL IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically. Excitation: 633-647 nm; Emission: 780 nm; Laser: Red Laser. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. CD48 (Blast-1) belongs to the CD2 subset of the Ig superfamily that includes CD2, CD2F-10, CD58, CD84, CD150, CD229, CD244 and others. These molecules bind to the same or another members of the Ig family, thus mediating homotypic or heterotypic adhesion. CD48 is a GPI-anchored protein broadly expressed on hematopoietic cells and serves as a high affinity ligand for 2B4 and low affinity ligand for CD2. 2B4-CD48 interaction among NK cells and NK-T cells regulates cell proliferation. Further, signaling through CD48 results in eosinophil activation and CD48 expression is increased in several infectious diseases. CD48 is strongly expressed on lymphocytes and monocytes, weakly on granulocytes but is absent on platelets, fibroblasts, epithelium and endothelium. CD48 is one of marker for detecting the defects of GPI anchoring structure on the patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobulinuria (PNH) and serves as a low affinity ligand for CD2. 2B4-CD48 interaction may be involved in the pathology of allergic airway diseases and provide a pharmacological target for the treatment of diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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