Description: This 5-329 monoclonal antibody recognizes human CD74, also known as the MHC Class II-associated invariant chain. A 33-43 kDa nonpolymorphic type II membrane protein, CD74 is highly expressed on B cells and subsets of activated T cells, Langerhans cells, dendritic cells, and epithelial cells. Monocytes and macrophages also express CD74, but at lower levels. CD74 acts as a chaperone of MHC Class II (HLA-DR) proteins, promoting their translocation from the ER to endocytic compartments during antigen presentation. Activation of NFkappaB and ERK has been shown following CD74 interaction with CD44 and binding to the proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MIF). CD74 also plays a role in the maturation of follicular B-cells and accumulation of marginal zone B-cells. CD74 has also been demonstrated to interact with CXCR2 and CXCR4. Applications Reported: This 5-329 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: This 5-329 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 520 nm; Laser: Blue Laser. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.HLA-DR, like other MHC class II molecules, is a transmembrane glycoprotein composed of a 36 kDa alpha chain (DRA) and 27 kDa beta chain (DRB). The alpha chain gene contains 5 exons. Exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, and exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail. DRA does not have polymorphisms in the peptide binding part and acts as the sole alpha chain for DRB1, DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Hundreds of DRB1 alleles have been described and typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. HLA-DR is expressed primarily on antigen presenting cells such as B lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, thymic epithelial cells and activated T lymphocytes. Three loci, DR, DQ and DP, encode the major expressed products of the human class II region. The human MHC class II molecules bind intracellularly processed peptides, present them to T-helper cells, and have a critical role in the initiation of the immune response.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin, 0.2% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
The Fisher Scientific Encompass Program offers items which are not part of our distribution portfolio. These products typically do not have pictures or detailed descriptions. However, we are committed to improving your shopping experience. Please use the form below to provide feedback related to the content on this product.
Your feedback has been submitted. Fisher Scientific is always working to improve our content for you. We appreciate your feedback.Ok