Description: The Eat-2 (EAT2) monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse CD81, a molecule also known as TAPA-1. CD81 is expressed on CD4^+CD8^+ thymocytes and broadly in the periphery with high level expressed by B cells, NK cells, macrophages and dendritic cells and lower level on resting T cells. Activation of T cells induces upregulation of CD81. CD81 is involved in homotypic adhesion of B and T cells as well as costimulation of T cells. The Eat-2 antibody is reported to cross-react with rat CD81. Applications Reported: The Eat-2 (EAT2) antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: The Eat-2 (EAT2) antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse thymocytes and splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.CD81 (TAPA-1, target of anti-proliferative antibody-1) is a member of the tetraspanin family, is expressed on virtually all nucleated cells, but above all on germinal center B cells. CD81 forms complexes with other tetraspanin proteins, integrins, coreceptors, MHC class I and II molecules, and influences adhesion, morphology, activation, proliferation and differentiation of B, T cells. In muscles, CD81 promotes cell fusion and myotube maintece. CD81 has been also identified as a receptor for the hepatitis C virus. Like members of the tetraspanin family that include CD9, CD37, CD53, CD63, and CD82, CD81 is a cell-surface proteins that are characterized by the presence of four hydrophobic domains. The proteins mediate signal transduction events that play a role in the regulation of cell development, activation, growth and motility. CD81 is a cell surface glycoprotein that is known to complex with integrins. CD81 appears to promote muscle cell fusion and support myotube maintece. CD81 associates with CD19, CD21, Leu 13, and integrins on cell membrane and acts as a receptor for the envelope protein E2 of chronic hepatitis C virus. Antibodies to CD81 have anti-proliferative effects on different lymphoid cell lines, particularly those derived from large cell lymphomas. CD81 is also localized in the tumor-suppressor gene region and is a candidate gene for maligcies.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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