The Human DMP1 ELISA quantitates Hu DMP1 in human serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Hu DMP1. Principle of the method The Human DMP1 solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen. Rigorous validation Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.DMP-1 (dentin matrix protein-1), also known as dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein-1, is a member of the small integrin ligand N-linked glycoprotein family. It is important for the mineralization of bone and dentin. DMP-1 is expressed in bone, tooth and hypertrophic cartilage. It is synthesized by preosteoblasts and contains a large number of acidic domains. DMP-1 localizes to the nucleus of undifferentiated osteoblasts where it functions as a transcriptional regulator for osteoblast-specific gene activation and induces osteoblast differentiation. During osteoblast maturation, DMP-1 undergoes a conformational change and becomes phosphorylated by casein kinase II in response to an influx of calcium ions to the nucleus. DMP-1 is then exported to the extracellular matrix (ECM) where it regulates the nucleation of hydroxyapatite and the formation of calcified tissue. DMP-1 is proteolytically processed into N- and C-terminal fragments in the ECM of bone and dentin. The protein has also been identified in bone as a high molecular weight proteoglycan comprised of the N-terminal DMP-1 fragment and chondroitin sulfate.The loss of DMP-1 can result in hypomineralized bone.
|2°C to 8°C|
|Plasma, 50 μL; Serum, 50 μL; Supernatant, 100 μL|
|1 hr. 20 min.|
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