Description: The B1.1 monoclonal antibody reacts with the human gamma delta TCR complex. The gamma delta TCR is expressed by a small subset of T cells in the thymus, peripheral lymphoid tissues, intestinal epithelium, and epidermis. The exact specificity, ligand and function of gamma delta TCR-bearing T cells are not yet fully understood; it is suggested that these cells recognize bacterial ligands and some tumor cells in the context of MHC class I-like gene products and play a role in regulation of the immune response and during bacterial infection. This monoclonal can be used as a phenotypic marker for gamma delta TCR-expressing T cells. Applications Reported: The B1.1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: The B1.1 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.TCR gamma/delta (T-cell receptor gamma/delta) are specialized T-cells in the immune system. The ability of T cell receptors (TCR) to discriminate foreign from self-peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules is essential for an effective adaptive immune response. TCR recognition of self-peptides has been linked to autoimmune disease. Mutant self-peptides have been associated with tumors. Engagement of TCRs by a family of bacterial toxins know as superantigens has been responsible for toxic shock syndrome. Autoantibodies to V beta segments of T cell receptors have been isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The autoantibodies block TH1-mediated inflammatory auto-destructive reactions and are believed to be a method by which the immune system compensates for disease. Most human T cells express the TCR alpha-beta and either CD4 or CD8 molecule (single positive, SP). However, a small number of T cells lack both CD4 and CD8 (double negative, DN). Increased percentages of alpha-beta DN T cells have been identified in some autoimmune and immunodeficiency disorders. Gamma-delta T cells are primarily found within the epithelium. They show less TCR diversity and recognize antigens differently than alpha-beta T cells. Subsets of gamma-delta T cells have shown antitumor and immunoregulatory activity.
|PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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