Description: The monoclonal antibody 87G recognizes human HLA-G, a member of the Human Leukocyte Antigen family but as part of the nonclassical MHC type involved in inhibiting immune reponses. HLA-G has seven reported isoforms. The antibody 87G recognizes both HLA-G1 and the solube HLA-G5. Expression of HLA-G is found primarily in fetal trophoblast cells as they invade the maternal decidua thereby protecting the fetus from the maternal immune system. Like the highly mitotic trophoblast, abundant HLA-G protein expression has been identified in some tumors, including melanoma, breast carcinoma and renal carcinoma as well as CLL, AML and B-CLL. Some expression has also been found in pancreatic islets, erythroid and endothelial progenitors and the adult thymic medulla.HLA-G+ CD4 or CD8 cells have been identified in normal human peripheral blood and are thought to act as regulatory cells in that they are hypoproliferative with a unique cytokine profile differing from Tregs. The receptors for HLA-G are CD85j/ILT2, CD85d/ILT4, and CD158. Recent studies have shown a role for HLA-G in tolerance and maintece of transplanted organs. Applications Reported: This 87G antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunohistology staining of frozen tissue sections. Applications Tested: This 87G antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test.A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. HLA-G belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. HLA-G is expressed on fetal derived placental cells. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domain, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region, and exon 6 encodes the cytoplasmic tail.
|Flow Cytometry, Immunohistochemistry (Frozen)|
|PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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