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IL-21 Rat anti-Mouse, eFluor™ 450, Clone: FFA21, Invitrogen™ Non-distribution product as customer accommodation.

Rat Monoclonal Antibody

Manufacturer:  LIFE TECHNOLOGIES 48721180

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Catalog No. 48-721-180


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Description

Description

Description: This FFA21 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse interleukin-21 (IL-21). IL-21 is a 17 kDa immunomodulatory cytokine produced mainly by NKT, T helper (Th) 17 and T follicular helper (TFH) cells. In TFH cells, IL-21 expression leads to autocrine signaling through the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) and STAT3, which leads to additional transcriptional activation by Bcl6. As with IFN gamma for Th1, IL-4 for Th2 and IL-17A for Th17, IL-21 is critical for TFH cell effector function. This cytokine plays a role in T cell-dependent B cell differentiation into plasma cells and memory cells, stimulation of IgG production and induction of apoptotic signaling in naive B cells. In Th17 cells, IL-21 expression and autocrine feedback through STAT3, IRF4 and ROR gamma t lead to upregulation of the IL-23R, thereby preparing Th17 cells for maturation and maintenance by the inflammatory cytokine IL-23. While upregulating IRF4 and ROR gamma t, IL-21 also mediates the downregulation of Foxp3. High levels of IL-21 are present in chemically-induced colitis models. IL-21-deficient mice are protected from developing colitis upon chemical treatment by their inability to upregulate Th17-associated molecules. Preliminary data suggest that clone FFA21 recognizes a different epitope than anti-mouse IL-21 clone mhalx21 (cat. 51-7213). Applications Reported: This FFA21 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.

Applications Tested: This FFA21 antibody has been tested by intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis of Th17-polarized mouse splenocytes restimulated with PMA, ionomycin and brefeldin A for 5 hours, using the Intracellular Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Set (Product # 88-8824-00) and protocol. Please refer to 'Staining Intracellular Antigens for Flow Cytometry, Protocol A: Two step protocol for intracellular (cytoplasmic) proteins' located at thermofisher.com/flowprotocols. This may be used at less than or equal to 1.0 µgg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µgg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µgL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 105 to 108 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. eFluor 450 is an alternative to Pacific Blue.  eFluor 450 emits at 446 nm and is excited with the violet laser line (405 nm). Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochrome. Excitation: 405 nm; Emission: 445 nm; Laser: Violet Laser. IL-21 is a 17 kDa immunomodulatory cytokine produced mainly by Natural Killer Cells (NKT), T helper (Th) 17 and T follicular helper (TFH) cells. In TFH cells, IL-21 expression leads to autocrine signaling through the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) and STAT3, which leads to additional transcriptional activation by Bcl6. As with IFN gamma for Th1 and IL-4 for Th2 cells, IL-21 is critical for TFH cell development and effector function. IL-21 plays a role in T cell-dependent B cell differentiation into plasma cells and memory cells, stimulation of IgG production and induction of apoptotic signaling in naive B cells. In Th17 cells, IL-21 expression and autocrine feedback through STAT3, IRF4 and ROR gamma t lead to upregulation of the IL-23R, thereby preparing Th17 cells for maturation and maintenance by the inflammatory cytokine IL-23. While upregulating IRF4 and ROR gamma t, IL-21 also mediates the downregulation of Foxp3. IL-21 deficient mice are protected from developing colitis upon chemical treatment by their inability to upregulate Th17-associated molecules. In comparison, elevated levels of IL-21 are present in chemically-induced colitis mouse models.
Specifications

Specifications

IL-21
Monoclonal
0.2 mg/ml
PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2
Q9ES17
Il21
IgG2a, kappa
25 μg
4°C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!
Primary
60505
Flow Cytometry
FFA21
eFluor 450
Il21
Liquid
Rat
Affinity chromatography
RUO
Antibody
Monoclonal
Mouse
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