Description: The 1H8PWSR monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse interleukin(IL)-22. IL-22 is a 20 kDa member of the IL-10 cytokine family that is secreted primarily by Th17, NK cells, and some other T cells. In in vitro Th17 cultures, induction of IL-22 expression is greater in response to IL-23 than IL-6 or TGF-β, suggesting that this cytokine may be secreted by more fully differentiated Th17 cells in vivo. A heterodimer consisting of IL-10R2 and IL-22R1 serves as the receptor for IL-22. Th17-secreted IL-22 binds to the IL-22 receptor complexon target cells to induce the expression of anti-microbial peptides β-defensin-2 and β-defensin-3. Recently, it was demonstrated that IL-22 is able to protect hosts against bacterial infections of the lungs and gut. Applications Reported: This 1H8PWSR antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis. This clone has been optimized for use with eBioscience IC Fixation and Permeabilization kit (cat. 88-8823). Applications Tested: This 1H8PWSR antibody has been tested on Th17-polarized mouse splenocytes restimulated with PMA, Ionomycin and Brefeldin A for 5 hours. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.125 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. PerCP-eFluor® 710 can be used in place of PE-Cy5, PE-Cy5.5 or PerCP-Cy5.5. PerCP-eFluor® 710 emits at 710 nm and is excited with the blue laser (488 nm). Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochrome. For a filter configuration, we recommend using the 685 LP dichroic mirror and 710/40 band pass filter, however the 695/40 band pass filter is an acceptable alternative. Our testing indicates that PerCP-eFluor® 710 conjugated antibodies are stable when stained samples are exposed to freshly prepared 2% formaldehyde overnight at 4°C, but please evaluate for alternative fixation protocols. Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 710 nm; Laser: Blue Laser. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. IL-22 also known as IL-10-related T-cell derived inducible factor, is an alpha helical cytokine and is considered a member of the IFN-IL-10 family, which includes IL-19, IL-20, IL-24, IL-26, IL-28, IL-29, and the type I and II interferons. IL-22 is produced mainly by activated T cells and NK cells. In humans, the IL-22 gene is located on the q arm of chromosome 12, and is structurally related to IL10. IL-22 acts by engaging the heterodimeric receptor complex consisting of primary receptor IL-22R1 and accessory receptor IL-10R2. IL-22R1 also binds IL-20 and IL-24; IL-10R2 also binds IL-10, IL-27, IL-28, and IL-29. Binding of IL-22 to its receptor complex induces signal transduction, particularly via the JAK-STAT pathway. In addition to the membrane-bound IL-22R1/IL-10R2 complex, a soluble single-chain IL-22 receptor termed IL-22BP has been found to antagonize IL-22 binding and signaling. IL-22 appears not to directly influence immune cells, and major targets of the cytokine appear to be nonimmune cells, such as cells of the skin, digestive and respiratory system, as well as hepatocytes, and keratinocytes. IL-22 has been described as an effector cytokine of the Th17 lineage. Along with IL-17A and IL-17F, IL-22 regulates genes associated with innate immunity of the skin. IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-22 are all co-expressed by Th17 cells, however, they are differentially regulated. The effects of IL-22 include induction of acute phase reactants and antimicrobial proteins, as well as increasing the mobility of keratinocytes. IL-22 is highly expressed during chronic inflammation, and found to activate intracellular kinases and transcription factors. IL-22 is critical for host defense against infections of extracellular pathogens, and promotes wound-healing responses. IL-22 is upregulated in activated T cells. IL-22 has been reported to mediate IL-23-induced acanthosis and dermal inflammation through activation of STAT3.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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