Description: The 5B2 antibody reacts with the p19 subunit of mouse IL-23. The 5B2 antibody in combination with the C17.8 antibody yields an improved IL-23 sandwich ELISA with greater sensitivity than was achievable with previous assays. The 5B2 antibody is a non-neutralizing antibody. IL-23 is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of the p40 subunit of IL-12 disulfide-linked with a protein p19. p19, like p35 of IL-12, is biologically inactive by itself. IL-23 interacts with IL-12Rbeta1 and an additional, novel beta2-like receptor subunit with STAT4 binding domain, termed IL-23R. IL-23 is secreted by activated mouse and human dendritic cells. Biological activities of mouse IL-23 are distinct from those of mouse IL-12. Mouse IL-23 was found not to induce significant amounts of IFN gamma. Mouse IL-23 does induce strong proliferation of memory T cells (but not naive T cells), whereas IL-12 has no effect on memory cells. Additionally, mouse IL-23 (but not IL-12) can activate mouse memory T cells to produce the proinflammatory cytokine IL-17. Human IL-23 has biological properties which are less distinct from human IL-12; human IL-23 induces proliferation of memory T cells and induces moderate levels of IFN gamma production by naive and memory T cells, as compared to IL-12. Applications Reported: The anti-mouse p19 5B2 antibody has been reported for use as the capture antibody for a mouse IL-23 sandwich ELISA, when used in conjunction with the anti-p40 C17.8 antibody as the detector.Applications Tested: The 5B2 antibody has been tested as the capture antibody in a sandwich ELISA for analysis of mouse IL-23 (p19/p40) protein levels in combination with the biotinylated (p40-specific) C17.8 antibody (13-7123) for detection and recombit mouse IL-23 (14-8231) as the standard. A suitable range of concentrations of this antibody for ELISA capture is 1-4 µg/mL. A standard curve consisting of doubling dilutions of the recombit standard over the range of 1000 pg/mL - 8 pg/mL should be included in each ELISA plate. For specific neutralization of mouse IL-23 protein activity (with no effect on IL-12 p70), the functional grade purified G23-8 antibody is recommended (cat No.16-7232). Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. This gene encodes a subunit of a cytokine that acts on T and natural killer cells, and has a broad array of biological activities. The cytokine is a disulfide-linked heterodimer composed of the 35-kD subunit encoded by this gene, and a 40-kD subunit that is a member of the cytokine receptor family. This cytokine is required for the T-cell-independent induction of interferon (IFN)-gamma, and is important for the differentiation of both Th1 and Th2 cells. The responses of lymphocytes to this cytokine are mediated by the activator of transcription protein STAT4. Nitric oxide synthase 2A (NOS2A/NOS2) is found to be required for the signaling process of this cytokine in innate immunity.
|PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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