The Human Interleukin 8 (IL-8) Uncoated ELISA Kit contains pre-matched antibody pairs, and reagents for performing quantitative enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) to detect and quantify protein levels of human IL-8. Wash Buffer and Stop Solution are needed to complete the ELISA reaction and are sold separately. Principle of the method ELISAs are designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody is coated to the bottom of the wells of a microplate, which is an overnight process. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. A sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.IL-8 (Interleukin-8) is a 72 amino acid pro-inflammatory CXC chemokine designated CXCL8, secreted by endothelial cells and monocytes, which acts as a major chemoattractant for neutrophils and also T cells and basophils. IL-8, first isolated from osteosarcoma cells, contains the ELR-motif (N-terminal Glu-Leu-Arg amino acid sequence) and signals through the CXCR1 and CXCR2 receptors. Cancer studies have demonstrated a role for IL-8 in the angiogenesis and growth of tumours. Previous nomenclature for IL-8 includes neutrophil activating protein 1 (NAP-1), granulocyte chemotactic protein 1 (GCP-1), monocyte-derived neutrophil-activating peptide (MONAP) and protein 3-10C.
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