Description: The monoclonal antibody 3E4 reacts with human and mouse interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4). IRF4 is a 52 kDa transcription factor with roles in B cell, T cell and macrophage function. In B cells, IRF4 is highly expressed in mature plasma cells and plays a crucial role in their differentiation. IRF4 has been shown to interact with PU.1 and control the transcription of many B cell-specific genes including Prdm1, which encodes Blimp1. In T cells, IRF4 has been implicated in regulatory T (Treg), T helper (Th)2, Th9 and Th17 cell development and function. This transcription factor is upregulated upon T cell activation and is expressed in mature T cells. Studies have shown that IRF4 directly induces Blimp1 expression in Tregs, leading to IL-10 expression. IRF4 has also been demonstrated to be involved in macrophage polarization and regulation. Lastly, in addition to its roles in normal immune function, IRF4 expression has been reported to be upregulated in many blood-related cancers. Applications Reported: This 3E4 antibody has been reported for use in western blotting. Applications Tested: This 3E4 antibody has been tested by western blot of reduced cell lysate prepared from splenocytes cultured for 3 days in the presence of plate-bound Anti-Mouse CD3 and soluble Anti-Mouse CD28. This antibody can be used at less than or equal to 5 µg/mL. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. The IRF (interferon regulatory factor) family of transcription factors are characterized by an unique tryptophan pentad repeat DNA-binding domain. The IRFs are important in the regulation of interferons in response to infection by virus, and in the regulation of interferon-inducible genes. IRF4 is lymphocyte specific and negatively regulates toll-like-receptor (TLR) signaling that is central to the activation of innate and adaptive immune systems. A chromosomal translocation involving this gene and the IgH locus, t(6;14)(p25;q32), may be a cause of multiple myeloma. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found.
|PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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