Description: This SDRNR monoclonal antibody recognizes human and mouse AKT (also known as Protein Kinase B (PKB)) when phosphorylated on S473. AKT is a serine/threonine protein kinase that plays a key role in multiple cellular processes including metabolism, proliferation, apoptosis/survival, and migration. There are three homologous isoforms of AKT: AKT1, AKT2, and AKT3. AKT is activated by binding of its pleckstrin homology (PH) domain to membrane phospholipids and by phosphorylation. Phosphorylation of AKT at T308 by PDK1 and at S473 is required for full activation of this kinase. AKT promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis via phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets including Bad, Foxo1, c-Raf, and caspase-9. Deregulation of AKT has been implicated as a major contributing factor in many types of cancer. AKT is negatively regulated by the phosphatase PTEN as well as by the chemical inhibitor LY294002. Specificity of this SDRNR clone was determined by ELISA, flow cytometry, and western blotting. Applications Reported: This SDRNR antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: This SDRNR antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.5 µg) per test.A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. Staining Protocol: All protocols work well for this monoclonal antibody. Use of Protocol A: Two-step protocol: intracellular (cytoplasmic) proteins allows for the greatest flexibility for detection of surface and intracellular (cytoplasmic) proteins. Use of Protocol B: One-step protocol: intracellular (nuclear) proteins is recommended for staining of transcription factors in conjunction with surface and phosphorylated intracellular (cytoplasmic) proteins. Protocol C: Two-step protocol: Fixation/Methanol allows for the greatest discrimination of phospho-specific signaling between unstimulated and stimulated samples, but with limitations on the ability to stain specific surface proteins (refer to "Clone Performance Following Fixation/Permeabilization" located in the Best Protocols Section under the Resources tab online). All Protocols can be found in the Flow Cytometry Protocols: "Staining Intracellular Antigens for Flow Cytometry Protocol" located in the Best Protocols Section under the Resources tab online. Excitation: 633-647 nm; Emission: 660 nm; Laser: Red Laser. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. AKT also known as protein kinase B (PKB) or RAS-alpha, is an ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in diverse biological responses such as regulation of metabolism, cell survival and growth by phosphorylating multiple proteins. This protein kinase is activated by insulin, PI3K, IGF1 and various other growth and survival factors. Akt promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis through phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets, including forkhead transcription factors, and caspase-9. The AKT pathway is a major target for cancer drug discovery.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin, 0.2% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
The Fisher Scientific Encompass Program offers items which are not part of our distribution portfolio. These products typically do not have pictures or detailed descriptions. However, we are committed to improving your shopping experience. Please use the form below to provide feedback related to the content on this product.
Your feedback has been submitted. Fisher Scientific is always working to improve our content for you. We appreciate your feedback.Ok