Description: The GL1 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse CD86, an ~80 kDa surface receptor also known as B7-2. CD86 and CD80 are members of the B7 family of costimulatory molecules. CD86 is expressed at low level on B cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells and is upregulated on B cells through a variety of surface stimuli including the BCR complex, CD40 and some cytokine receptors. CD86 is also expressed by activated mouse T cells and thioglycolate-elicited peritoneal cells. In addition to CD80 (B7-1), CD86 is a counter-receptor for the T cell surface molecules CD28 and CD152 (CTLA-4). This interaction plays a critical role in T-B crosstalk, T cell costimulation, autoantibody production and Th2-mediated Ig production. The kinetics of upregulation of CD86 upon stimulation, supports its major contribution during the primary phase of an immune response. Applications Reported: The GL1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: The GL1 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of resting and activated mouse splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.06 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.Excitation: 633-647 nm; Emission: 660 nm; Laser: Red Laser. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. CD86 is one of two ligands (the other CD80) for CTLA4 and CD28. CD86 acts as costimulatory molecule in eliciting T-cell help during antigen presentation. Antigen presentation in the absence of sufficient co-stimulation involving CD86/CD80 can induce tolerance. CD80 appears to play a role distinct from CD80 in T helper cell differentiation. CD86 is a type I membrane protein that is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The CD86 protein is expressed by antigen-presenting cells, and it is the ligand for two proteins at the cell surface of T cells, CD28 antigen and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4. Binding of CD86 with CD28 antigen is a costimulatory signal for activation of the T-cell. Binding of CD86 with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 negatively regulates T-cell activation and diminishes the immune response. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding different isoforms of CD86. Additional transcript variants have been described for CD86, but their full-length sequences have not been determined. Diseases associated with CD86 dysfunction include gallbladder squamous cell carcinoma and myocarditis.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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