Description: The JES5-16E3 antibody reacts with mouse interleukin-10 (IL-10). Mouse IL-10 is an ~18 kDa factor also known as Cytokine Synthesis Inhibitory Factor (CSIF). In the mouse, Th2 cells, B1 cells, macrophages, and keratinocytes are the major cell subsets that produce IL-10. IL-10 inhibits synthesis of Th1 cytokines and proliferation of T cells, and acts as a costimulatory signal for mast cells, developing thymocytes and the Th2 response. Applications Reported: The JES5-16E3 antibody has been reported for use in capture of mouse IL-10 by ELISA and ELISPOT, intracellular staining for flow cytometric analysis, IHC, and neutralization of IL-10 bioactivity. Applications Tested: The JES5-16E3 antibody has been tested by intracellular staining with flow cytometric analysis and can be used at less than or equal to 0.125 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Excitation: 633-647 nm; Emission: 660 nm; Laser: Red Laser. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.Interleukin 10 (IL-10, CSIF) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine mainly produced by macrophages and Th2 cells. IL-10 is an 18.6 kDa protein of 160 amino acid residues that shares over 80% sequence homology with the Epstein-Barr Virus protein (BCRFI). The reported biological activities of IL-10, which maybe interrelated, include inhibition of macrophage-mediated cytokine synthesis, suppression of the delayed-type hyper-sensitivity response, and stimulation of the Th2 cell response which results in elevated antibody production. IL-10 functions by inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines made by macrophages and regulatory T cells including IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-2, and IL-3, IL-4, and GM-CSF. IL-10 is also known to suppress antigen presentation on antigen presenting cells, enhances B cell survival, proliferation, and antibody production. IL-10 can block NF-kappa B activity, and is involved in the regulation of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway. While human IL-10 can act on murine cells, murine IL-10 cannot act on human cells. Binds to a retinoid X receptor (RXR) responsive element from the cellular retinol-binding protein II promoter (CRBPII-RXRE). IL-10 inhibits the 9-cis-retinoic acid-dependent RXR alpha transcription activation of the retinoic acid responsive element. Knockout studies in mice suggest the function of this cytokine as an essential immunoregulator in the intestinal tract.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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