DescriptionE. coli LexA protein inhibits the transcription of the genes belonging to the SOS regulon that are related to DNA repair and cell division by recognizing and binding to the SOS-box sequence. LexA‘s self-protease activity is promoted by RecA protein which, responding to DNA damage, is activated by its binding to single-strand DNA accumulated in the cells. It is cleaved into two fragments and loses its function as a repressor. As the result, the expression of genes belonging to the SOS regulon is induced, and mutagenic activity in the cells are enhanced.
|LexA DNA-binding Domain|
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