Antidiabetic agent; lowers plasma glucose levels and improves insulin sensitivity. Inhibits hepatic gluconeogenesis via activation of the LKB1/AMPK pathway. Displays antiproliferative effects in cancer cell lines via inhibition of mitochondrial complex I (MRC-1). Activates the aPKC-CBP pathway in neural precursors to promote neurogenesis. Activates autophagy. Identified by chemoinformatics as targeting human host proteins that interact with SARS-CoV-2.