Description: The monoclonal antibodies AE1 and AE3 recognize many of the acidic and basic cytokeratin family members. Cytokeratins are intermediate filament proteins comprising one component of the cytoskeleton. There are two large families of cytokeratins, acidic and basic, but all contain the same basic domains (i.e. an alpha-helical core with an N- and C-terminal domain). The proteins are expressed in epithelial cells, but are developmentally regulated. Many tumors also express these proteins and their expression can help identify the origin of a neoplasm. The AE3 monoclonal antibody recognizes the 65 to 67 triplet, 64, 59, 58, 56, 54 and 52kD proteins also known as cytokeratin 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 while the AE1 antibody recognizes 56.5, 54 ft., 50, 50 ft., 48, and 40 kDa proteins (also known as CK10, 14, 15, 16 and 19). These antibodies can be used on a wide array of tissue samples from mouse, human, rat, primates (cynomolgus and rhesus), dog, cat, rabbit, and chicken. Applications Reported: This AE1/AE3 antibody has been reported for use in immunohistochemical staining, immunocytochemistry, immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections, and immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue sections. Applications Tested: This AE1/AE3 antibody has been tested by immunocytochemistry on methanol-fixed MCF7 cells and can be used at less than or equal to 5 µg/mL.It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. This product has not been validated for flow cytometric analysis. Filter Recommendation: When using this eFluor 615 antibody conjugate, we recommend a filter that will capture the 615 emission wavelength (for example, Excitation 560/55, 585LP, Emission 645/75). A standard Alexa Fluor 594 filter is acceptable. Excitation: 595 nm; Emission: 615 nm. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. Cytokeratin pan is part of a subfamily of intermediate filament proteins that are characterized by remarkable biochemical diversity, and represented in human epithelial tissues by at least 20 different polypeptides. Cytokeratins range in molecular weight between 40 kDa- 68 kDa, and an isoelectric pH between 4.9-7.8. The individual human cytokeratins are numbered 1 to 20. The various epithelia in the human body usually express cytokeratins which are not only characteristic of the type of epithelium, but also related to the degree of maturation or differentiation within an epithelium. Cytokeratin subtype expression patterns are used to an increasing extent in the distinction of different types of epithelial maligcies. The cytokeratin antibodies are not only of assistance in the differential diagnosis of tumors using immunohistochemistry on tissue sections, but are also a useful tool in cytopathology and flow cytometric assays. The composition of cytokeratin pairs vary with the epithelial cell type, stage of differentiation, cellular growth environment, and disease state. Many studies have shown the usefulness of keratins as markers in cancer research and tumor diagnosis.
|Canine, Human, Mouse, Non-human primate, Rabbit, Rhesus Monkey|
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry (Frozen), Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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