Description: The monoclonal antibody DECMA-1 recognizes mouse, human and canine CD324 also known as E-cadherin (Epithelial cadherin) or uvomorulin. Like the other cadherin family members P and N cadherin, E-cadherin is a transmembrane glycoprotein involved in intercellular adhesion. These proteins share a common basic structure. The extracellular portions of the proteins are largely composed of repeating domains, each with two consensus Ca2+-binding motifs. The cytoplasmic domain interacts with a-, b-, and g-catenins and actinins. These catenins connect E-cadherin with the cytoskeleton. Expression is found in most epidermal cells including melanocytes and kerotinocytes. E-cadherin is localized at the intercellular boundaries of epithelial cells in several tissues, and is thought to play a role in maintece of tissue integrity. Loss of E-cadherin function has been implicated in the progression of a variety of cancers. E-Cadherin protein is sensitive to trypsin treatment, so exposure to trypsin should be minimized or avoided. The monoclonal antibody DECMA-1 has been shown to have functional activity by disrupting adhesion in human, mouse and dog cells. Applications Reported: This DECMA-1 antibody has been reported for use in functional blocking assays and flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: This DECMA-1 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of cell lines.Optimal staining is achieved by intracellular staining as protein turnover can result in variable surface staining. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Endotoxin: Less than 0.001 ng/ug antibody as determined by the LAL assay. Storage and handling: Use in a sterile environment. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Endotoxin Level: Less than 0.001 ng/µg antibody, as determined by LAL assay. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. E-Cadherin (epithelial cadherin) is a classical cadherin from the cadherin (alcium dependent adhesion protein) superfamily. The encoded protein is a calcium dependent cell-cell adhesion glycoprotein comprised of five extracellular cadherin repeats, a transmembrane region and a highly conserved cytoplasmic tail. Mutations in this gene are correlated with gastric, breast, colorectal, thyroid and ovarian cancer. Loss of function is thought to contribute to progression in cancer by increasing proliferation, invasion, and/or metastasis. The ectodomain of this protein mediates bacterial adhesion to mammalian cells and the cytoplasmic domain is required for internalization. Identified transcript variants arise from mutation at consensus splice sites. E-cadherin plays a central role in the growth and development of cells by controlling tissue architecture, and maintece of tissue integrity. In humans, E-cadherin is encoded by the CDH1 gene present on chromosome 16. Studies have demonstrated that reduction and/or loss of E-cadherin expression in carcinomas correlates positively with the potential of these tumors for invasion and metastasis.
|Canine, Human, Mouse|
|Flow Cytometry, Functional Assay, Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Neutralization|
|PBS with no preservative; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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