Description: The eBioA1 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD39 also known as ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (ENTPD1) or NTPDase. CD39 is an integral membrane protein with two transmembrane domains and exists as a homotetramer. It is the most prominent ectoenzyme of the immune system. The function of CD39 is to effectively remove toxic extracellular ATP by converting it to ADP or AMP. CD39 is thought to work together with CD73 to hydrolyze ATP and has been well characterized on Langerhans cells. Expression of CD39 was originally identified on activated lymphocytes. Expression is also found on a subset of T cells, B cells and dendritic cells as well as weak staining on monocytes and granulocytes. Recently, CD39 and CD73 have been found on regulatory T cells (Treg). Expression of CD39 on Treg may facilitate their entry into inflamed areas where high levels of ATP are present. Expression of CD39 on Foxp3+CD4+ cells ranges from 25-45%. Applications Reported: This eBioA1 (A1) antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunohistochemical staining. Applications Tested: This eBioA1 (A1) antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of nomral human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL.Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest. Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered. CD39 cell surface antigen is a 70-100kD molecule expressed on peripheral blood B cells, monocytes, T cell clones, and also weakly expressed on granulocytes. CD39 has intrinsic ecto-ATPase activity. Expression of CD39 is induced on T cells and increased on B cells as a late activation antigen.
|Flow Cytometry, Immunohistochemistry (Frozen)|
|PBS with 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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