The Human Carcino Embryonic Antigen (Hu CEA) ELISA quantitates Hu CEA in human serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Hu CEA. Principle of the method The Human CEA solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen. Rigorous validation Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.CEA (Carcino Embryonic Antigen, CD66e) is synthesized during development in the fetal gut, and re-expressed in increased amounts in intestinal carcinomas and several other tumors. CEA is a member of carcinoembryonic antigens, immunoglobulin supergene family and consists of a single N domain (structural homology to the immunoglobulin variable) and six immunoglobulin constant-like A (A1, A2, A3) and B domains (B1, B2, B3). Antibodies to CEA are useful in identifying the origin of various metastatic adenocarcinomas and in distinguishing pulmonary adenocarcinomas (60 to 70% are CEA+) from pleural mesotheliomas (rarely or weakly CEA+). CEA is a member of a large family of glycoproteins, a useful tumor marker for adenocarcinoma, and found in adenocarcinomas of endodermally derived digestive system epithelium and fetal colon. Two subgroups of the CEA family, the CEA cell adhesion molecules and the pregnancy-specific glycoproteins, are located within a 1.2 Mb cluster on the long arm of chromosome 19. Eleven pseudogenes of the CEA cell adhesion molecule subgroup are also found in the cluster. CEA was originally described in bile ducts of liver as biliary glycoprotein. Subsequently, CEA was found to be a cell-cell adhesion molecule detected on leukocytes, epithelia, and endothelia. The encoded protein mediates cell adhesion via homophilic as well as heterophilic binding to other proteins of the subgroup. Multiple cellular activities have been attributed to the encoded protein, including roles in the differentiation and arrangement of tissue three-dimensional structure, angiogenesis, apoptosis, tumor suppression, metastasis, and the modulation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been reported, but the full-length nature of all variants has not been defined.
|2°C to 8°C|
|Plasma, 50 μL; Serum, 50 μL; Supernatant, 100 μL|
|1 hr. 20 min.|
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