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Helios Hamster, Alexa Fluor 488, Clone: 22F6, BD

Armenian Hamster Monoclonal Antibody

Manufacturer:  BD Biosciences 563950

Catalog No. BDB563950

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The 22F6 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to mouse and human Helios. Helios is a member of the Ikaros family of zinc-finger transcription factors, which play important roles in hematopoietic cell development and tumor suppression. Helios expression is restricted to the earliest stages of embryonic hematopoiesis, a variety of epithelial tissues and is notably increased in thymic-derived regulatory CD4+Foxp3+ T (Treg) cells. Its high expression levels in Treg cells are independent from Foxp3 and are believed to contribute, along with other transcription factors, to the phenotypic stability of natural regulatory T cells. Accordingly, it has been demonstrated that Helios directly stimulates Foxp3 transcription while it inhibits ll2 /gene expression, contributing for the maintenance of cellular anergy. Helios is also differentially expressed during negative and positive selection in the thymus, marking CD4+ autoreactive cells for deletion. Helios may possibly play roles in T cell activation, since it is upregulated in Th2 and Tfh cells. Despite these roles in T cell development and function, Helios genetic ablation in mice revealed no significant abnormalities in Treg or other T cell subsets. This finding suggests that other Ikaros family members may play redundant roles.

Alexa Fluor™ conjugates are highly photostable and remain fluorescent over a broad pH range. The excitation and emission maxima are nearly identical to those of FITC. However, Alexa Fluor™ 488 tends to be brighter and more optimal for intracellular applications. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, FITC and Alexa Fluor™ 488 cannot be used simultaneously. Alexa Fluor™ 488 exhibits extraordinary photostability, which makes it highly suitable for fluorescence microscopy.


Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
IKAROS family zinc finger protein 2, ANF1A2, HELIOS, ZNF1A2, ZNFN1A2
Mouse Helios Peptide
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to Alexa Fluor™ 488 under optimum conditions, and unreacted Alexa Fluor™ 488 was removed.
Human, Murine
Alexa Fluor 488
Affinity Purified
Armenian Hamster
Armenian Hamster IgG
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
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