Invitrogen eBioscience Human IL-21 ELISA Ready-SET-Go! Kit, 2nd Generation
Specifically engineered for accurate and precise measurement of IL-21 protein levels from samples including serum, plasma, and cell culture supernatants. This second generation kit has increased sensitivity with a range from 8-1000pg/mL.
Manufacturer: Invitrogen 88821886
DescriptionIL-21 is a 17 kDa immunomodulatory cytokine produced mainly by Natural Killer Cells (NKT), T helper (Th) 17 and T follicular helper (TFH) cells. In TFH cells, IL-21 expression leads to autocrine signaling through the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) and STAT3, which leads to additional transcriptional activation by Bcl6. As with IFN gamma for Th1 and IL-4 for Th2 cells, IL-21 is critical for TFH cell development and effector function. IL-21 plays a role in T cell-dependent B cell differentiation into plasma cells and memory cells, stimulation of IgG production and induction of apoptotic signaling in naive B cells. In Th17 cells, IL-21 expression and autocrine feedback through STAT3, IRF4 and ROR gamma t lead to upregulation of the IL-23R, thereby preparing Th17 cells for maturation and maintenance by the inflammatory cytokine IL-23. While upregulating IRF4 and ROR gamma t, IL-21 also mediates the downregulation of Foxp3. IL-21 deficient mice are protected from developing colitis upon chemical treatment by their inability to upregulate Th17-associated molecules. In comparison, elevated levels of IL-21 are present in chemically-induced colitis mouse models.
|Colorimetric Microplate Reader|
|1 hr 45 min|
|96-well Plates: Corning Costar flat-bottom plates (included with Cat. Nos. ending in -22 and -86)|
|10 x 96 tests|
|Plasma,100 μL|Serum,100 μL|Supernatant,100 μL|
|24 hr 30 min|
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