Description: This JAV4 monoclonal antibody recognizes human V-Set and Immunoglobulin domain containing 4 (VSIG4), also known as Complement Receptor of the Immunoglobulin superfamily (CRIg) or Z39Ig. There are two variants of human VSIG4 that result from alternative splicing. Isoform 1 is longer and more prevalent than isoform 2, and this JAV4 antibody recognizes both. VSIG4 is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein structurally related to the B7 family of immune regulatory proteins. It contains one complete V-type Ig domain and one truncated C-type Ig domain. VSIG4 is exclusively expressed on tissue resident and tumor infiltrating macrophages. It has been shown to bind complement components C3b and iC3b. This binding inhibits the alternative complement pathway and facilitates phagocytosis of complement-opsonized pathogens. VSIG4 has also been reported to suppress T cell activation, proliferation and IL-2 production thereby playing a role in the maintece of peripheral T cell tolerance and suppression of established inflammation. Expression of VSIG4 on tumor-infiltrating macrophages suggests its role in immune evasion. Pro-inflammatory stimuli such as TNF and LPS have been reported to down-regulate the expression of VSIG4. The JAV4 antibody will recognize VSIG4 on cells that have been formaldehyde-fixed and permeabilized. This antibody does not cross-react with mouse or rat VSIG4. Applications Reported: This JAV4 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.Applications Tested: This JAV4 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of human monocyte-derived macrophages. This can be used at 5 µL (0.06 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light. Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically. Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 775 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser. Filtration: 0.2 μm post-manufacturing filtered. T cell activation by APCs is positively and negatively regulated by members of the B7 family. VSIG4 is a strong negative regulator of murine and human T cell proliferation and IL-2 production.
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin, 0.2% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only
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