Description: The H74 monoclonal antibody was generated and reacts with human B7-S1, also known as B7-H4 and B7x. Cross reactivity of this antibody to other proteins has not been determined. B7S1 is a newly discovered member of the B7 family. It is speculated that the costimulatory regulation of T cells by B7S1 is influenced by the activation status of B cells. While it is reported that BTLA is a counter receptor for B7S1, further studies are needed to definitely determine the B7-H4 ligand. H74 stains human B7-H4 transfected cells and not peripheral blood cells. Exact expression pattern of B7-H4 has not been fully characterized. Applications Reported: This H74 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. Applications Tested: This H74 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of human B7-H4-transfected cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 578 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser. Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.B7-H4 (B7x, VTCN1) a costimulatory protein which is reported to function as a negative regulator of T-cell mediated immunity. Although B7-H4 binds an unknown receptor, it is thought to deliver an inhibitory signal to T-cells preventing their proliferation, cell cycle progression and interleukin-2 production. B7-H4 deficient mice are only minimally affected; suggesting B7-H4 is important in the fine tuning of the T-cell mediated immune response. B7-H4 is expressed on activated T-cells, B-cells, monocytes and dendritic cells. Aberrant expression has been associated with cancers of the lung, breast and ovary in humans. B7-H4 is expressed primarily on the membrane of lymphoid cells, and as an immunoinhibitory protein that interacts with receptors on the surface of T lymphocytes, it is involved in mediating cellular and humoral immune responses. Overexpression of B7-H4 is associated with certain maligcies, including ovarian and breast cancer, which may be a mechanism by which tumor cells suppress T cell immunity and facilitate tumor progression. Further, VTCN1 may be a useful biomarker for the early detection of ovarian cancer and Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC).
|4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|PBS with 0.1% gelatin, 0.2% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide; pH 7.2|
For Research Use Only.
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